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    散文文章歡迎光臨經典范文網
    中國范文網>論文>幼兒園教師論文

    幼兒園教師論文

    發布時間:2015-12-04 11:13 有1070人讀過

    發揮教師在教科研活動中的主體作用

    教師是教科研活動的主體。只有充分發揮教師的主動性、積極性,依靠教師,群策群力,教科研活動才能產生更好的效果。反之,教科研活動則難以達到預期的目的。

    在以往的教科研活動中,教師常常處于被動的地位,心態與情緒都是很消極的,究其原因有三點:一是教師對教科研活動意義缺乏正確的認識。認為幼兒園接觸的是3—6歲幼兒,把孩子帶好,用不著花很多精力搞教科研。再說,幼兒教師畢業于幼兒師范學校,雖專業素質好,但理論功底薄,研究水平低,沒法搞教科研。二是教科研活動形式單一,總是業務園長或教研組長說、念、講,教師則一味地記錄、聽講。三是教科研活動內容經常跟著“流行風”走,外面流行研究什么,幼兒園也就跟著模仿照搬,不會在分析別人之長和自身特點的基礎上有選擇地吸收,搞得教師隨“風”搖擺不定,興趣不大。!

    為了調動教師參加教科研活動的積極性,我園著力從以下三方面入手,積極鼓勵教師參加教科研活動,大膽發表自己的見解,充分發揮教師在教科研活動中的主體作用。

    一、加強思想管理,強化教科研意識。

    教育科學研究是運用科學的理論與方法,有意識、有目的、有計劃地對教育領域中的現象與問題進行研究的認識活動。通過教育科學研究,能探索和認識教育教學規律,提高教育教學質量,推動教育的發展,因此可以說,教育科學研究是新世紀教育工作的需要,是培養未來人才的需要,是提高教師素質的需要,也是教育管理規范化的需要。作為園長,應把教科研放到幼兒園工作的重要位置上,優先考慮和安排,樹立“科研興園”的工作指導方針,加強教科研思想管理,反復宣傳教科研活動的重要性和必要性,消除教師的畏難情緒,幫助教師從教育發展、自身發展的角度去認識理解教科研的必要性,從而喚起教師投身教科研的自覺性。園領導要身體力行,帶動骨干教師進行示范,結合實際工作,扎實開展教科研工作。如:園領導參與進行了“幼兒一日活動中保教結合思想的滲透”、“如何開展幼兒體育教育活動”、“幼兒珠心算教育”、“幼兒聽讀游戲識字教育”等研究,從而激發了教師參與教科研的熱情。

    二、創設民主、平等、和諧的研究氛圍。

    首先,園領導和教研組長作為教科研活動的管理者,應樹立正確的教師觀,尊重教師,了解每一個教師的實際水平與需求,允許教師之間存在個體差異。在教科研活動中,與教師保持人格上的平等,既做指導者,又做平等的參與者,與教師共同研討,虛心聽取意見,及時鼓勵和肯定教師的創見,善于提出教師存在的問題,啟發教師思考。在這種寬松、和諧的研究氛圍下,管理者與教師之間心理上的距離縮小了,使教師產生被認同感和自我價值感,樂于無所顧忌地表達自己的觀點和見解。

    第二,管理者應從實際出發,了解教師研究的需要,以解決教師工作中的難點、困惑為重點,將研究的需要融入教師的需求之中,以教師不斷增長的需要為研究的“突破口”。我園常采用現場觀察法、問卷調查法和小組討論法來了解教師在實際工作中存在的問題、疑惑和對教科研活動內容的意見和建議,這樣確定的教科研活動內容受到了教師的歡迎,因為它切合了教師的實際需要,增強了教師主人翁意識。比如,以前我園的教研觀摩活動,基本上都是由園領導確定觀摩內容與人選,在調查表中,許多教師認為這樣做有一定的局限性,不利于調動教師的積極性。因此,園領導根據大家的意見,將指定觀摩與“自報觀摩”結合起來,一方面通過層層競爭選拔,選出優秀教師參加教研觀摩活動;另一方面,對于能力弱一些的教師也要提供機會,通過個別指導,為她們參與教研觀摩活動并取得成功打下基礎。

    第三,改變以往管理者的“一言堂”、“獨角戲”的教科研活動方式,采用豐富多彩的形式開展教科研活動,注重發揮群體的智慧,集思廣益,相互交流,取長補短,共同研討,提高活動的質量。我園的教科研活動形式有:

    1、運用集體學習與自學相結合的方法,組織教師學習研究幼兒教育學、心理學、教育科研知識等基本理論。!

    2、邀請有關幼教專家來園作教科研專題講座或是現場觀摩,就教師存在和提出的問題進行釋疑與指導。

    3、教師圍繞一定主題進行輪流主講,主講人事先要做好準備工作,熟悉主講內容,設計出討論題目,組織大家開展討論,最后并進行總結。

    4、經常開展教研觀摩活動,并認真進行評析,提出合理建議。

    5、有計劃分期分批地組織教師到南京、上海、蘇州等地幼兒園進行觀摩活動,回來向大家傳達他人的經驗和做法,開展研究和討論。

    6、向家長或同行開展教科研成果匯報評比活動。

    三、鼓勵教師積極實踐、主動學習、勤于思考、善于總結,努力發揮自身的潛力。

    教研的過程是教師將正確的教育理論轉化為教育實踐的過程,是教師將日

    常教育活動向研究性實踐活動轉化的過程。因此,管理者要鼓勵教師主動學習,將教育理論創造性地運用于實踐中,勤于思考,善于總結,努力發揮自身潛力,促使自己從經驗型教師向學者型教師轉變,成為適應二十一世紀幼教事業發展的教育工作者。比如,在實際工作中,我們發現教師怕開展體育活動,在活動中求穩怕亂,競賽時總讓孩子排著長長的隊伍在等待,活動內容沒有新意,結果,幼兒玩得不盡興,活動量也達不到。針對這一情況,們組織教師查閱有關資料,并認真研究存在問題,商討對策,共同設計了大班體育游戲“扭扭蟲”這一教育活動,利用“迷彩”布袋作為“扭扭蟲”這一體育活動器具,受到了孩子們的歡迎。在開始的試教過程中,幼兒雖興趣很濃,但通過對幼兒的脈搏測試,發現幼兒活動量的高潮過早地出現在準備階段。于是,我們又通過教師們的學習、思考,建議執教者在活動中,注意集體活動與自由活動相結合,運用“慢慢爬、快快爬,滾一滾,躺下休息”等口令使活動動靜交替,將四路縱隊依次進行比賽改為十字隊形,向場地四角同時比賽,減少幼兒等待時間,并增加教具“餅干”,從而也就增大了“扭扭蟲”運“餅干”的頻率,有效地控制了幼兒活動量。這項體育活動在參加揚州市學科觀摩活動中取得了圓滿成功,獲得了有關專家的高度評價。

    通過以上一系列措施,我園教科研活動的開展有了明顯的起色,教師們參加教科研活動由外部要求轉化為內部動機,出現了爭著搞課題研究,自費外出參觀學習等前所未有的現象,這也說明了教師的主體作用得到了充分發揮。

    希望本文幼兒園教師論文能幫到你。

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