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    散文文章歡迎光臨經典范文網
    中國范文網>教學>合作學習在化學教學中存在的問題

    合作學習在化學教學中存在的問題

    發布時間:2015-11-30 19:47 有1191人讀過

    當前,隨著我國教育改革日漸深入,應試教育向素質教育的轉軌進入關鍵時期。在這個過程中,教育觀念的轉變成為這一教育改革成功與否的關鍵一環。小組合作學習因其改變了傳統教學中的師生關系,老師由臺上走入臺下,學生由被動轉為主動,學習過程增強了學生的交流與協作,良好的心理品質和社會技能得以形成,評價機制更注重了學生自身的改變等一系列特點,已被廣大教師越來越廣泛地運用于課堂教學之中。

    經過這段時期對有關教育理論的學習,結合對自己教學過程的反思,覺得自己對小組合作的理解過于膚淺,教學中存在著一些問題:

    1、合作學習過于表面化,效率不高。

    合作只是流于形式,在整個過程中,學生并沒有真正地討論與合作。基礎好的學生還能思考和發表自己的見解,而基礎差的同學只是充當旁聽生。合作學習并不深入,學生并沒有形成合作學習的意識和能力。《心理學大辭典》中強調:合作是為了共同的目標而由兩個以上的個體共同完成某一行為,是個體間協調作用的最高水平的行為。通過學習,學生應形成良好的協作精神。但在實際教學過程中,最后發表意見的往往是基礎較好的學生或個性比較開朗的學生。

    2、關注結果,學生的參與度不均衡。

    在小組合作學習中,教師更注重于結果的形成,而往往忽略了學生情感與學習技能的形成,致使一部分學生并沒有有效地參與進來,而作為教師的我也忽略了對這部分學生的關注。

    3、合作學習流于形式,學生分組不科學。

    合作教學與傳統教學是互為補充、相輔相成的。采用何種教學形式,要因教學內容、教學方法而定,兩者并不矛盾。但在教學中,自己只是片面追求分組合作,學生的分組只局限于同桌與前后鄰桌。任務分下來后,教室嘈雜混亂,有的學生不知道自己該如何參與,任務是什么。導致的結果是部分同學經常發言,而部分同學則很少發言。成員之間沒有明確的分工,同學發表完意見就算完事。

    4、缺乏必要的評價制度。

    教學中,沒有形成科學、完善的評價體系,對小組成員沒有必要的評價反饋。小組學習處于有合作、無競爭,成員之間表現好壞無所謂,唯一的評價就是老師激勵性的語言和同學之間的認可。學生失去了可持續發展的內驅動力。

    綜合以上各點,在本次課題研究中,自己將要以此作為重點,進行規劃和設計,以期取了良好效果,并運用于教學實踐之中。

    希望本文合作學習在化學教學中存在的問題能幫到你。

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